A. S. Pavlov1,2, A. E. Deev1, D. A. Levin1, A. A. Petrov2
1Proffessional ice hockey club CSKA, Moscow, Russia;
2Russian State University of Physical Education, Sports, Youth and Tourism (SCOLIPE), Moscow.
Abstract. The article discusses one of the topical issues in relation to the preparation of hockey players. Considering that the training of a qualified hockey player is a complex and long-term process, the nutrition of an athlete should be considered as a very important part of the preparation that ensures the recovery of the athlete’s organism and increases his performance. Nutrition must provide a functional request of his body to receive energy substrates and «building» material. Generally accepted norms of daily caloric intake for children are presented. Sports nutritionists declare the need to increase these norms considering the volume and intensity of training loads of specific sport. Aspects of nutrition composition for hockey players are presented. Anthropometric data, individual characteristics of the athlete, the volume and characteristics of the training and competitive loads — the main aspects in the formation of the diet. According to the researches the content of basic nutrients in the diet of young athletes should strive for the following proportions: proteins — 14-15%, fats — 25%, carbohydrates 60-61%. Meals should be varied and complex because of the consumption of mixed foods increases metabolism by 6%. It is recommended applying split meals at high physical loads, 5-6 times a day with easily digestible foods — chicken, fish, cottage cheese, vegetables, fruits. Experts recommend to carry out minimal thermal processing of products if it’s possible to preserve vitamins and minerals in them. It is stated that fruits and vegetables should make up at least 10-15% of the total diet per day. It is stated that food intake should be no later than 2-3 hours before the training session.
Key words: ice hockey, young athlete, sports nutrition, sport supplement, energy restore. Продолжить чтение
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